“By the time they reached the age of 23, more than three quarters of the New South Wales Indigenous population had been cautioned by police, referred to a youth justice conference or convicted of an offence in a New South Wales criminal court.”
Weatherburn, D. (2014). Arresting incarceration: Pathways out of Indigenous imprisonment.

Between 1984 and 1994, the death rate for young black males reached 1 percent—double the rate of soldiers fighting in Iraq.

Raise the crime rate

Black men in their 20s and early 30s without a high school diploma … [are] more likely to be behind bars than to have a job.

Prison and the Poverty Trap

The results indicate that black and Hispanic homebuyers pay premiums of around 3 percent on average across the four cities – differences that are not explained by variation in buyer income, wealth or access to credit.

Bayer, P., Casey, M., Ferreria, F., McMillan, R. (2012). Price Discrimination in the Housing Market. NBER Working Paper No. 18069.

Willful ignorance (via Amy Berg)

Willful ignorance (via Amy Berg)


For African Americans, the last 50 years have been marked by extremely high unemployment occasionally interrupted by periods of merely high unemployment.

For African Americans, 50 years of high unemployment

For African Americans, the last 50 years have been marked by extremely high unemployment occasionally interrupted by periods of merely high unemployment.

For African Americans, 50 years of high unemployment

In 2009, for every dollar of wealth the average white household had, black households only had two cents.

The disappearing black middle class

Uninsured children by poverty status, age, race and Hispanic origin


In 2007, 8.1 million children under 18 years old were without health insurance. Children in poverty and Hispanic children were more likely to be uninsured.


20 facts about inequality everyone should know

Uninsured children by poverty status, age, race and Hispanic origin

In 2007, 8.1 million children under 18 years old were without health insurance. Children in poverty and Hispanic children were more likely to be uninsured.

20 facts about inequality everyone should know

An African-American child raised in a lower-class family is 37% less likely to become a professional basketball player than is an African-American child raised in a middle- or upper-class family.

Dubrow, J. & Adams, J. (2010). Hoop inequalities: Race, class and family structure background and the odds of playing in the National Basketball Association. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, November 2010.

(Source: web.hbr.org)

Almost one third (29%) of the Indigenous juveniles in custody had been in custody ten or more times.
2009 NSW Young People in Custody Health Survey

Almost one third (29%) of the Indigenous juveniles in custody had been in custody ten or more times.

2009 NSW Young People in Custody Health Survey

Both within each decade and across time, White respondents were more likely to see decreases in bias against Blacks as related to increases in bias against Whites—consistent with a zero-sum view of racism among Whites—whereas Blacks were less likely to see the two as linked.

Norton, M. & Sommers, S. (2011). Whites see racism as a zero-sum game that they are now losingPerspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 215-218.


Black respondents perceived decreases in anti-Black bias over time and relatively nonexistent anti-White bias, but White respondents perceived anti-Black bias as declining even more quickly and anti-White bias as increasing sharply—particularly in recent years. Indeed, we observed a complete reversal over time in White respondents’ views of racism.
… 
By the 2000s, some 11% of Whites gave anti-White bias the maximum rating on our scale, in comparison with only 2% of Whites who did so for anti-Black bias.

Norton, M. & Sommers, S. (2011). Whites see racism as a zero-sum game that they are now losing. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 215-218.

Black respondents perceived decreases in anti-Black bias over time and relatively nonexistent anti-White bias, but White respondents perceived anti-Black bias as declining even more quickly and anti-White bias as increasing sharply—particularly in recent years. Indeed, we observed a complete reversal over time in White respondents’ views of racism.

… 

By the 2000s, some 11% of Whites gave anti-White bias the maximum rating on our scale, in comparison with only 2% of Whites who did so for anti-Black bias.

Norton, M. & Sommers, S. (2011). Whites see racism as a zero-sum game that they are now losing. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 215-218.

The indigenous imprisonment rate surged from 1248 for every 100,000 Australian adults in 2000 to 1892 by 2010, marking a 52 per cent increase, an Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report has found.

Indigenous people now make up 26 per cent of the prison population despite making up just 2.5 per cent of the Australian population.

In Western Australia and South Australia, indigenous people were 20 times more likely to be jailed. Almost 7600 indigenous Australians were behind bars in June 2010, 91 per cent of them male.

Indigenous prison rates jump by 52 per cent 

The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: an overview 2011 

Young Indigenous people are about 13 times more likely to be under supervision of the justice system than young non-Indigenous people.
Juvenile justice in Australia, 2008-09

Young Indigenous people are about 13 times more likely to be under supervision of the justice system than young non-Indigenous people.

Juvenile justice in Australia, 2008-09